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Profitable Rose Farming – Categories, Requirements and Uses

Rose Farming

Important Tips about Rose Farming

Rose, a widespread flower, which we used most commonly for many purposes. Rose, a flower of love and romance. Roses can also mean privacy or confidentiality. The term “sub rosa”, meaning under the rose, comes from ancient times. On the Health card, the rose represents balance. And on the Death card, it’s a reminder of purity, simplicity, and transparency of purpose.

About Rose Flower or ‘Rosa’ Flower

Roses are flexible to a broader range of climatic conditions and found extensively across the whole world. Rose plants can be plants or climbers with or without thorns depending upon the variety. Botanically, roses belong to the ‘Rosaceae’ family and the ‘Rosa’ family.

Production of roses can be done both in the open air and polyhouse. Roses can be grown at a base level in pots, in the backyard, fields, terraces, or indoors. Still, high-quality roses like the dutch rose are mainly done in polyhouse farming where the environmental conditions are under control. Best and leading quality roses with more yield obtained in the nursery. Commercial farming of roses can be highly profitable. There is an expanding demand for rose flowers as cut and loose flowers form. Roses are used for floral arrangements, making bouquets, and manufacturing rose-based products like rose water gulkand, perfumes, and cosmetics.

Categories Of Rose Flowers

In the world of flower farming, roses are one of the most popular flowering shrubs. The ‘Rosa genus’ category includes more than 300 species of woody flower with many thousand varieties planted over the ages. While local roses can be found in nearly every region, most varieties grown in landscapes are multi-generational hybrid species. When you buy a new and modern rose variety, it is almost always sold by a species name.

We can fully understand the features of a particular rose variety by considering the rose class which it implies. There are many methods to classify rose varieties, but the most common system is now using the following categories in which the varieties are includes:

Hybrid tea roses:  The most popular roses category, featuring large flowered blooms with 30 to 50 petals and long stems. Many thousands of hybrid tea roses varieties have been developed, with new elements steadily replacing old varieties.

Grandiflora roses: This category can be considered as a subgroup of hybrid tea roses. This type of rose is usually very tall, with blooms that look in groups rather than individually on the stems.

Floribunda roses: The next most common and popular class. This type of flower blooms continuously in the year. Floribundas manage to be much easier to care for.

Polyantha roses: This category is similar to floribunda, but its plants are shorter, and their blooms are smaller. Polyanthus are commonly using for edgings and hedges.

Miniature rose and miniflora roses: A “miniature” rose is a shorter, more small form of a hybrid tea rose. A “miniflora” rose has intermediate-sized flowers, smaller than a floribunda but more extensive than a miniature.

Shrub roses: Roses of these categories are easily recognized by their growth habit. They can thrive from 5 to 15 feet in all directions. They are famous for their cold hardiness and intense production of flower bunches.

Climber/ rambler roses: This last category includes roses from any class identified by long, arching sticks that can raise on fences and frames. Climbers or ramblers are not sticking, twining plants; they must tie them to their upright supports to grow higher. Many climbers and walkers are quite cold-hardy when compared to hybrid roses.

Requirements For Rose Farming

Several factors required to be recognized while planning a rose farm. Some of them are:

  • Soil

Drained loamy soil, pH 6.0- 7.0 of good organic material, is perfect for farming roses. Sandy soil is the best rooting tool for roses.

  • Climate

Good Sunlight for a minimum duration of 5-6 hours is essential for its reproductive growth. Day temperature of 26°C and night temperature of 15°C is perfect for growing rose flowers.

  • Planting Time

You can plant roses after the monsoon, but the most favored time is September to October. In the mountains, the best rose planting time is February-March.

  • Method of Planting

It is essential to add 4 – 8 kg of well-rotted cow dung compost or organic manure in each hole at planting. Well-rooted cuttings started in each pit, with roots widely spread in the pit. In the case of budded plants, it should keep the bud union above ground level. The soil around the stem should be firmly pushed by feet. You should water plants immediately after planting.

  • Harvesting

The harvesting process should be done early morning or late evening to reduce transpirational water loss. A sharp knife or scissor is necessary for cutting the stem. Harvesting is done at different steps depending upon the purpose for which it is harvested. For better cultivation or harvesting, farmers mainly prefer Kubota Tractor and they compare tractor from other tractors to pick the best quality,  which could give the high productivity in the field.

Harvesting for Cut flowers: The flowers are harvested when the outer petals start curling outwards.

Harvesting for Loose flowers: It is collected when it is opened fully.

Uses of Rose Flower

Roses can be used as gifts for different occasions, and they are also famous for other uses.

  • Ornaments or Jewellery
  • Foods and Drinks
  • Perfume or Attar
  • Medicinal use